Identification of African swine fever (ASF) in wild boars in Belgium
- Initial attestation of the CVO EN - FR (13/09/2018)
- Renewed attestation of the CVO EN - FR (14/01/2019)
On the 13th of September 2018, African swine fever (ASF) virus was confirmed for the first time since 1985 in 2 wild boars in the municipality Etalle (province of Luxembourg).
ASF cases - New !
Up until the 9th of January 2019, 846 carcasses of wild boar have been analyzed for ASF in zone I and II. For the zone II (all dead found wild boar), 390 were analyzed among which 294 have been confirmed positive for African swine fever. For the zone I (dead found and hunted wild boar), 456 were analyzed among which 2 positive cases have been confirmed on the 8th of January 2019.
These new 2 positive cases for ASF were found in the western part of the zone I. The measures in this part have been adapted in order to prevent the further spread of the ASF disease.
As the new 2 positive cases are located outside the current zone II, following the EU regionalization for ASF, the zoning will soon be adapted by Commission Implementing Decision.
There are no outbreaks in domestic swine.
No pigs remain in zone II and zone I south (decision of the Federal minister of Agriculture to eradicate all domestic swine by 2 October 2018).
Strict measures have been taken for the whole country to prevent contamination of domestic swine.
Based on European legislation and following consultation with the federal authorities and regional Walloon authorities, the initial "infected zone" has been replaced on the 27th of November 2018 by two separate zones: "Zone I" and "Zone II". This formal decision is imposed by European legislation in the context of zoning and protection measures against ASF, according to the identified risk.
"Zone II" (see maps below) is deemed a high-risk zone and corresponds to the current kernel and buffer zone. "Zone I" (see maps below), where the risk is lower, corresponds to the current "reinforced observation zone" in the south, which has been extended towards the north with a new zone called the "vigilance zone". The latter zone, which is compulsory under European legislation, which imposes a peripheral zone I, entails less risk than the reinforced observation zone, and was only imposed by the EU for preventive reasons. Detailed information about the measures applied in the zones I and II can be found in the following press release.
Important to know
- African swine fever is limited to wild boars in a small area of the southern part of Belgium (no outbreaks in domestic swine), and the necessary and preventive measures are taken to control and avoid dissemination of the disease.
- All domestic swine in the initial infected zone has been eradicated under the supervision of the FASFC and the repopulation of farms in this zone is forbidden. No products of these eradicated swine entered or will enter the food chain or will be used in the feed industry.
- Notwithstanding, the certification conditions laid down in the relevant protocols concluded between Belgium and the non-EU countries (third countries) will be scrupulously respected.
- Taking into account the definitions included in Chapter 15.1.3 of the OIE Terrestrial Code, Belgium lost its disease-free status for African swine fever in all suids. Belgium currently still has a free status for domestic and wild pigs kept in captivity.
- Initial attestation of the CVO
- Renewed attestation of the CVO
- Measures are taken as provided in Article 15 of European Union Directive 2002/60/EC and supplementary national regulations. The detailed information about these measures can be found in the following document (PDF will be available soon).
On the 13th of September 2018, African swine fever (ASF) virus was confirmed for the first time since 1985 in 2 wild boars in the municipality Etalle (province of Luxembourg). In this region very few domestic pigs are kept (most swine farms are located in the northern part of Belgium).
The Federal minister of Agriculture has decided to eradicate all domestic swine in the infected zone by 2 October 2018. It must be made very clear that his is merely a preventive eradication to prevent the contamination of domestic swine and to protect animal health and the commercial interests of the Belgian Pork industry. It is certain that products of these eradicated swine will not enter the food chain or be used for the feed industry. Compensation for the destructed domestic swine of all affected farmers will be provided by the Sanitary Fund (Belgian) and European funds, reserved for animals disease outbreaks. Other economic compensation will be provided by the Walloon Region.
It should be emphasized that the potential risk lies in the spreading from wild boars to domestic and captive wild pigs, but that this risk is very limited since the necessary measures are taken.
Press releases and additional information are available on the website of the Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain:
Dr. Vet. Philippe Houdart, Head of the Crisis Prevention Department: +32 (0) 2 211 82 81 - Mobile number: +32 (0) 478 50 01 72 - firstname.lastname@example.org
Map of the limitations of different zones following the new Commission Implementing Decision (EU) 2018/1856 of the 28/11/2018
ZONE I :
Vigilance zone (zone I North)
Reinforced observation zone (zone I South)
ZONE II :